- Everyone needs Ruqya!
- Ettiquettes & Rules of Ruqya
- Self Ruqya – The best!
- How does a legitimate Raaqi perform Ruqya?
- What to expect from a Ruqya session
- Ruqya Water
- Ruqya Baths
What is Ruqya?
The term Ruqya (also commonly spelt ‘ruqyah’, ‘rokia’, ‘rukia’) is understood as using the Qur’an and supplications to heal as a form of medicine and also for seeking protection. It can be used to treat physical as well as spiritual or psychological illnesses. Ruqya is also used as protection from various forms of harm.
The subject of Ruqya is an important one because every Muslim should be aware of it and use it to protect themselves and their loved ones, just as the Prophet (SAW) used to do when he would recite the Mu’aawidhatain (Surah Al Falaq & An Nas), then blow into the palms of his hands and wipe his face and whatever he could of his body. A person can perform ruqya upon himself or loved ones in order to prevent mishaps before they occur and also as a protection against the attacks of shayateen.
The importance of learning about ruqya has also become important due to the various forms of ruqya that have become mixed today and therefore contain those that are lawful and unlawful.
The pagan Arabs during the days of ignorance (before the Prophet) would perform polytheistic forms of ruqya which they used pass down from generation to generation. RasulAllah prohibited all forms of ruqya until later on where he permitted only ruqya that did not contain Shirk (polytheism – associating others with Allah, supplicating or calling on other powers besides Allah the Almighty).
The Prophet (SAW) said what is translated as: “present your incantations (ruqya) to me. There is no harm in incantations as long as there is no Shirk (polytheism) [in them]“ [Saheeh Muslim]
Meaning: “on the condition that no polytheistic aspects can be found in them”
The foundations of ruqya consist of performing supplications and reciting the Qur’an and blowing spittle (dry spitting without saliva, or a minute amount of saliva) in order to seek Allah’s assistance and refuge in Him.
RasulAllah (SAW) said what is translated as “seek treatment for indeed Allah has not placed a sickness except that He has placed for it a cure, except for one sickness and that is senility” (Abu Dawud and Ahmed)
Many people focus their treatment for sicknesses on the tangible aspect which is to take pharmaceutical medicine, undergo operation etc, and there is nothing wrong with this; however, they neglect the intangible aspect, which is treatment using legislated Ruqya. It is encouraged that one should use both tangible medicine and ruqya as treatment for sickness.
It is common to believe that ruqya is only used for treatment of jinn possession, sihr (magic) and evil eye. While it is true that ruqya is used to treat these, ruqya is also used to treat any ailment!
We should all learn how to perfrom Ruqya in order to benefit ourselves, our families and others. The Prophet (SAW) encouraged the Muslims to assist their brothers. Jaabir bin ‘Abdullah (ra) reported that a man was once stung by a scorpion or a snake, they asked the Prophet (SAW) about performing ruqya on him so he said: “Whoever is able to assist his brother should do so” [reported by Muslim]
Types of Ruqya
There are two types of ruqyah:
1. LAWFUL RUQYA: Ruqya by which one seeks refuge in and assistance from only Allah SWT. This is the kind of ruqyah that the Prophet (SAWS) used. It consists of permissible supplications as evidenced by Qur’anic verses and the authentic texts from the Sunnah, but without any additions and without practicing it in an enigmatic manner. This is commonly known as ‘Ar Ruqya Ash Shariyyah’ (‘Ruqya’ for short). Ibn Hajar (rahimuhullah) said there is a consensus on the using of Ruqyah if three conditions are met:
a) It must be with the speech of Allah (Qur’aan) and his names and attributes.
b) It must be in the Arabic language, or what is known to be its meaning in other languages.
c) To believe that Ruqyah has no benefit by itself, but the benefits are from Allah.
2. FORBIDDEN RUQYA: Ruqya by which one seeks refuge and assistance in someone other than Allah. This type of ruqyah contradicts the conditions of Ruqya Ash Shariyyah and may contain words of shirk and mysterious charms. This type of Ruqya is prohibited in Islam.
We must be very careful to avoid this type of ruqya. If someone else is performing ruqya upon you, maybe a ‘spiritual healer’ then it is very important that we are knowledgeable about what is permissible and what isn’t. Sadly, it is very common to go to a ‘spiritual healer’ and participate in ruqya that is not lawful. Ruqya practitioners and ‘spiritual healers’ have been discussed further in other articles.
Benefits of Ruqya
These are some of the benefits of (lawful) Ruqya:
- It increases one in closeness to Allah SWT and in reliance upon Him
- It cuts off the path of magicians, fortunetellers and soothsayers
- The act of performing ruqya is considered as remembrance of Allah SWT
- It is very effective in treating many sicknesses of modern times, including grief, depression, anxiety and other psychological problems
- It is a sunnah and therefore high in good deeds. Ai’sha (ra) said (what is translated as): “When the Messenger of Allah (saw) was sick, Jibril performed Ruqya on him” (Muslim)
- It helps us establish a closer relationship with the Qur’an and prevents us from abandoning it. Ibn Qayyim (may Allah’s mercy be on him) said “(an aspect of) abandoning the Qur’an is to forsake treating oneself with it and seeking a cure by it